The Contracting Parties confirm that genocide, whether committed in time of peace or in time of war, is a crime under international law which they undertake to prevent and to punish.
In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
(a) Killing members of the group;
(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide - signed into force by the UN in 1951
- 1 - 3 million Bengalis killed by the army of East Pakistan
- 200,000 East Timorese killed by the Indonesian army
- 1 - 3 million Cambodians by the Khmer Rouge
- 200,000 Mayans killed by the Guatemalan army
- 200,000 Muslims killed by Serbs
- 800,000 Tutsis killed by Hutus
- 2 million killed in continuing civil war