Tuesday, March 08, 2005

The world's broken promise and the word we dare not utter

Article 1
The Contracting Parties confirm that genocide, whether committed in time of peace or in time of war, is a crime under international law which they undertake to prevent and to punish.
Article 2
In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
(a) Killing members of the group;
(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.

Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide - signed into force by the UN in 1951

Bangladesh (1971)
  • 1 - 3 million Bengalis killed by the army of East Pakistan
East Timor (1975 - 2000)
  • 200,000 East Timorese killed by the Indonesian army
Cambodia (1975 - 1979)
  • 1 - 3 million Cambodians by the Khmer Rouge
Guatemala (1950's - 1980's)
  • 200,000 Mayans killed by the Guatemalan army
Bosnia (1992 - 1995)
  • 200,000 Muslims killed by Serbs
Rhwanda (1994)
  • 800,000 Tutsis killed by Hutus
Sudan (1983 - present)
  • 2 million killed in continuing civil war

Never again?

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